weak

weak
weak [wēk]
adj.
[ME waik < ON veikr, akin to OE wac, feeble (which the ON word replaced) < IE * weig-, * weik- (< base * wei-, to bend) > WEEK, WICKER, L vicis, change]
1.
a) lacking in strength of body or muscle; not physically strong
b) lacking vitality; feeble; infirm
2. lacking in skill or strength in combat or competition [a weak team]
3. lacking in moral strength or willpower; yielding easily to temptation, the influence of others, etc.
4. lacking in mental power, or in the ability to think, judge, decide, etc.
5.
a) lacking ruling power, or authority [a weak government]
b) having few resources; relatively low in wealth, numbers, supplies, etc. [the weaker nations]
6. lacking in force or effectiveness [weak discipline]
7.
a) lacking in strength of material or construction; unable to resist strain, pressure, etc.; easily torn, broken, bent, etc. [a weak railing]
b) not sound or secure; unable to stand up to an attack [a weak fortification]
8.
a) not functioning normally or well: said of a body organ or part [weak eyes]
b) easily upset; queasy [a weak stomach]
9. indicating or suggesting moral or physical lack of strength [weak features]
10. lacking in volume, intensity, etc.; faint [a weak voice, a weak current]
11. lacking the usual or proper strength; specif.,
a) having only a small amount of its essential ingredient; diluted [weak tea]
b) not as potent as usual or as others of the kind [a weak drug]
c) lacking, poor, or deficient in something specified [weak in grammar, a baseball team weak in pitchers]
12.
a) ineffective; unconvincing [a weak argument]
b) faulty [weak logic]
13. tending toward lower prices: said of a market, stock, etc.
14. Chem. having a low ion concentration: said as of certain acids and bases
15. Gram. expressing variation in tense by the addition of an inflectional suffix rather than by internal change of a syllabic vowel; regular (Ex.: talk, talked, talked): cf. STRONG, adj. 20
16. Phonet. unstressed or lightly stressed: said of a syllable
17. Photog. THIN (sense 10)
18. Prosody designating or of a verse ending in which the stress falls on a word or syllable that is normally unstressed
weakish
adj.
SYN.- WEAK, the broadest in application of these words, basically implies a lack or inferiority of physical, mental, or moral strength [a weak muscle, mind, character, foundation, excuse, etc. ]; FEEBLE suggests a pitiable weakness or ineffectiveness [a feeble old man, a feeble joke ]; FRAIL1 suggests an inherent or constitutional delicacy or weakness, so as to be easily broken or shattered [a frail body, conscience, etc. ]; INFIRM suggests a loss of strength or soundness, as through illness or age [his infirm old grandfather ]; DECREPIT implies a being broken down, worn out, or decayed, as by old age or long use [a decrepit old pensioner, a decrepit sofa ] -ANT. STRONG, STURDY1, ROBUST

English World dictionary. . 2014.

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  • Weak — (w[=e]k), a. [Compar. {Weaker} (w[=e]k [ e]r); superl. {Weakest}.] [OE. weik, Icel. veikr; akin to Sw. vek, Dan. veg soft, flexible, pliant, AS. w[=a]c weak, soft, pliant, D. week, G. weich, OHG. weih; all from the verb seen in Icel. v[=i]kja to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • weak — W2S3 [wi:k] adj ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(physical)¦ 2¦(likely to break)¦ 3¦(character)¦ 4¦(without power)¦ 5¦(without interest)¦ 6¦(without energy)¦ 7¦(not good at doing something)¦ 8¦(money)¦ 9¦(argument/idea)¦ 10¦(drink)¦ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • weak — [ wik ] adjective *** ▸ 1 lacking energy ▸ 2 lacking power ▸ 3 easily persuaded ▸ 4 bad in quality ▸ 5 likely to break/fail ▸ 6 with a lot of water ▸ 7 lacking strength ▸ 8 in linguistics 1. ) part of your body that is weak is not as strong or… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • weak — [wiːk] adjective FINANCE 1. if markets, investments, currencies etc are weak, their prices are falling: • The company reported a loss of C$16 million, mostly because of weak metals prices. • The weak dollar has ma …   Financial and business terms

  • weak — weak·en; weak·en·er; weak; weak·ish; weak·li·ness; weak·ness; elec·tro·weak; weak·ling; weak·ly; weak·head·ed·ly; weak·head·ed·ness; weak·heart·ed·ly; weak·heart·ed·ness; weak·ish·ly; weak·ish·ness; weak·kneed·ly; weak·kneed·ness; …   English syllables

  • weak — weak, feeble, frail, fragile, infirm, decrepit can mean not strong enough to bear, resist, or endure strain or pressure or to withstand difficulty, effort, or use. Weak is by far the widest in its range of application, being not only… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Weak — is a generic adjective pertaining to a general state of feebleness, a lack of strength, durability, or vigor. Contents 1 Music 2 Other 3 See also …   Wikipedia

  • weak — [adj1] not strong anemic, debilitated, decrepit, delicate, effete, enervated, exhausted, faint, feeble, flaccid, flimsy, forceless, fragile, frail, hesitant, impuissant, infirm, insubstantial, irresolute, lackadaisical*, languid, languorous, limp …   New thesaurus

  • weak — c.1300, from O.N. veikr weak, cognate with O.E. wac weak, pliant, soft, from P.Gmc. *waikwaz yield, *wikanan bend (Cf. O.S. wek, Swed. vek, M.Du. weec, Du. week weak, soft, tender, O.H.G. weih …   Etymology dictionary

  • weak´en|er — weak|en «WEE kuhn», transitive verb. to make weak or weaker: »You can weaken tea by adding water. –v.i. 1. to grow or become weak or weaker. 2. to take a less firm attitude; give way: »We are almost to the top of the mountain; let s not weaken… …   Useful english dictionary

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